5 reasons to trust the professional company registration

The creation of a business company or even a sole trader is an activity that is important to be done by the rules, because the appearance of a newly created business depends on it. Many people believe that they can successfully pass the administrative and bureaucratic procedures, with the intention to save the fee that would have paid the specialist performing the registration of companies. Not long after, the majority of these people find themselves so entangled in red tape that ultimately again recourse to expert, which is a waste of time and money.

If you want to avoid the bitter experience and start as soon as possible your business activity it is important to select a team to take on the entire burden of cumbersome procedure. During this time, you can focus to the activity, corresponding to your competence, laying the foundation for a successful and prestigious business.

5 reasons to trust the professional registration of companies

The reasons to trust the professionals are many, but here we will suggest only 5, we believe that their significance is greatest. Most of us don’t soberly judge the situation until we understand from experience how great is the difficulty to fight the bureaucracy not having the necessary competence and experience. Here are the main reasons ordered but not prioritized.

  1. The ability to correctly choose the right type of company

The fact that we have decided to list our activity in the Commercial Register is only the beginning of a series of important decisions. Choosing the type of company that we’ll register is much more important and responsible because it will affect both its appearance in front of customers and business partners, and the subsequent accounting and tax burden that we’ll have to take. Professional services enable us to be informed about the differences between sole proprietorship, Ltd., SA, joint-stock company, shareholding etc. and to register the type of company meeting our needs.

  1. Preparation and submission of the documents

The documents drawn up in the process of registration of a company are many, and for different type of companies are required declarations and applications within the meaning of various articles and paragraphs of different laws and regulations. Although around the Internet it’s possible to find the basic requirements and even forms to download and fill ourselves, nothing ensures us that our documentation will be in order. The preparation of documents is long and complex process and their acceptance as valid is not guaranteed in case of errors as inevitably any layman makes.

  1. Visiting various administrative institutions

The procedure of registering a company in the Commercial Register is not the end of the saga in launching a business. It takes visits to banks, NRA, NSSI, municipalities and all this is connected not only with time but also with a lot of nerves and patience. Once time is money it’s foolish to waste it in vain, renouncing the help of professionals who will take on the task as soon as we delegate them to make it through a notarized power of attorney.

  1. Option to take advantage of other services in the future

Many companies specializing in the registration of companies offer a wide range of legal and financial services. One such firm may become a permanent partner from which our business will only gain profit. Different companies also offer accounting services and preparation and filing of tax returns and publication of such – a mandatory requirement for certain activities.

  1. Preparation for audits and protection of our interests in front of the tax authorities

Each business is subject of control by the tax authorities; often because of lack of knowledge we make mistakes that create preconditions for serious sanctions. Using the services of the right company specialized in the registration of companies; we can call and ask for the assistance of a specialist to prepare our company documentation for upcoming inspections, audits and revisions in order to avoid any possibility of eventual sanctions.

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How to start a beauty salon in Bulgaria

How to open a beauty salon/ hair salon/ beauty parlor in a few easy steps?

  1. Company registration, by which you can do business in Bulgaria.
  2. Tax registration – voluntary under Art. 96 of VAT Act.
  3. Purchase and registration of cash register (fiscal device).
  4. Ensure a suitable object in which the activity will be performed – it can be hired (lease contract is required) or private property (title deed is required).
  5. The purpose of the property should be for business activity, in this context a change of status of the property may be indispensable.
  6. Certificate of commissioning.
  7. Observed requirements on fire safety of commercial property – a permit issued by General Directorate Fire Safety and Protection of Population.
  8. A notification for opening an object of public designation to the relevant regional health inspectorate and obtaining a certificate of registration after verification.
  9. Possession of master certificate and registration pursuant to Skilled Crafts Act.
  10. Preparation of internal rules and operation instructions.
  11. Registration of working time of stationery commercial site – it is done in the relevant municipality.

Our team of experts will advise you on choosing the most appropriate type of company, subsequent registrations and administrative procedures for obtaining the necessary permits and certificates.

Types of business in Bulgaria

The types of business organizations, most often used in Bulgaria are Limited Liability Company (LTD/LLC), Joint Stock Company (JSC), branch and trade representation.

  1. Limited Liability Company (LLC/LTD)

It is the business type most popular among investors and entrepreneurs because of the minimum capital requirements, simplified structure and management. LLC can be established by one or more persons – individuals and/or legal entities. Shareholders in LLC may be Bulgarian and/or foreign individuals and/or legal entities.

The minimum share capital of Bulgarian LTD is 2 BGN (two Bulgarian Leva), which is equal to approximately 1 EUR (1 Euro).

The company shares may be transferred by a notarized contract for transfer of shares. Transfer of shares is possible between shareholders or to a third party.

The company is governed by a Manager. This position may be occupied by one or more persons. Only a natural person may be appointed as a manager of LTD. The manager can be a shareholder or a third person and there are no restrictions for his/her nationality.

  1. Joint Stock Company (JSC)

JSC is another widely used type of business organization and startup. The most intriguing for investors are the lack of legal restrictions on the transfer of shares and the lack of personal commitment of shareholders in the company activity. This type of company could be founded by one or more Bulgarian and/or foreign individuals and/or legal entities.

The minimum registered capital for registration and operation of JSC is 50 000 BGN (fifty thousand Bulgarian Leva), which is equal to approximately 26 000 EUR (twenty six thousand Euro). For certain types of activities, such as banking or insurance activities, a higher minimum capital is required. At the moment of company formation at least 25 % of the value of each share must be paid. This means that the minimum for starting the company registration is 12 500 BGN, as the remainder of total capital (37 500 BGN) shall be paid within two years.

The company is governed by Board of Directors (in one-tier system) or by Supervisory Board and Management Board (in two-tier system). It is required at least 3 persons to participate in the governing body.

Shares of a joint stock company are tradable instruments. The shares may be:

  • registered shares or bearer shares;
  • common shares or preferred shares;
  • stock shares or dematerialized shares;

The transfer of registered shares must be recorded in the book of registered shareholders of JSC. In most cases, the acquisitions of shares by new shareholders doesn’t meet with special difficulties.

  1. Branch

Opening a branch is one of the ways for the realization of business operations of a foreign company in Bulgaria. Foreign companies registered as traders in the country where they are established are able to organize their business in Bulgaria by registration of branch of a foreign trader.

Branch of a foreign trader is being created with registration in the Commercial Register. After its formation, according to Bulgarian legislation, the branch of a foreign company is not an independent legal entity but it has a certain degree of independence from the parent company. There is a requirement for the branch to have independent accounting and to draw up separate balance sheet. Assets and liabilities of the branch are considered as assets and liabilities of the parent company.

The branch is governed by a Manager. Regarding the taxes, as place of business (a permanent establishment) of the branch of foreign company shall be considered Bulgaria. For tax purposes the foreign parent company will be liable to corporate tax on profits from the activity of the branch in Bulgaria.

  1. Trade representative office (TRO)

A foreign person or legal entity may register a trade representative in Bulgaria, provided that it is entitled to conduct business under the national law of its home country. Trade representative office (commercial representation) is being registered in the Bulgarian Chamber of Commerce and Industry.

TRO is not a separate legal entity and cannot carry out business activity. Thus, commercial representation aims to carry out activities such as promotions, exhibitions, demonstrations, training or advertising of products and services. Therefore, in general TRO does not generate any income and it is not a subject to corporate tax in Bulgaria.

If TRO is involved in business activities in the country it can be classified as “a permanent establishment” for the purposes of taxation and the foreign parent company will be liable to corporate tax on profits in Bulgaria made as a result of business activity of the TRO.

Transport license in EU

Community license for international road haulage

Registration of transport company

How to get transport license in Bulgaria?

It is necessary to have a registered company (regardless of the legal form – LTD., JSC., etc.) and its scope of activity is specified for the carriage of goods against payment. Registration of company which carries out transport activity has its own peculiarities, therefore you can count on our qualified legal assistance in registration of transport company.

What documents are needed for Community license for international road haulage?

There are specific requirements for the head of the company’s activity:

Certificate of conviction of the person who manages the transport activity – should not be convicted or deprived of the right to exercise transport activity;

Certificate of professional competence, issued to the person who manages the transport activity – cannot manage more than two transport companies ;

Contract for the appointment of the person who manages the transport activity;

Regarding the company itself must be submitted:

Information for financial stability – it depends on how many vehicles will operate; For the first vehicle the company must have the equivalent in BGN of 9000 EUR and for each additional – the equivalent in BGN of 5000 EUR. Proof of financial stability can be achieved by deposition of the amount in the company’s capital, bank guarantee in Bulgarian bank or conclusion of insurance contract for a insured sum in the same amount.

Notification to the National Revenue Agency;

Declaration that the trader who applies for a license does not have an open procedure of bankruptcy;

Declaration of existence of own or leased garage area with exactly specified address in Bulgaria;

The license shall be issued within 30 days of submission of the documents.

The transport license is not unlimited, it is issued for a period of 5 years. Renewal is possible before the expiry date.

The transport company must comply with the requirements of the law not only when applying for a license but also during the entire period while exercising transportation. Companies which perform carriage of goods without required license shall be subject to large fines.

The requirements for obtaining a license should be carefully observed, therefore Global Consult Europe advises you to contact our team of professionals.

Certifications and legalizations

If you plan to start a business in Bulgaria by company registration or commercial representation of your foreign business, it may be necessary to provide documents from abroad, subject to certification and legalization. This text will help you understand what is apostille, when and for which countries it is mandatory to be used and where it is issued.

For a document issued by a foreign state to be recognized by Bulgarian institutions, it shall be arranged in a way which depends on whether the respective state is a party to the Hague Convention, whether between the two states there is a Legal Aid Agreement that is still in force or whether this state does not fall in any of the first two groups.

Requirement for apostille

All documents issued in a foreign state which is party to the Hague Convention shall have an apostille from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

List of the parties to the Hague Convention – CHECK HERE.

List of institutions issuing apostille in different countries – with addresses and contact details.

Example of apostille

Apostille

(Convention de La Haye du 5 octobre 1961)

1. Country: ………………………………………….

This public document

2. has been signed by ……………………………

3. acting in the capacity of …………………….

4. bears the seal/stamp of …………………….

Certified

5. at …………………….  6. the …………………….

7. by ………………………………………………………

……………………………………………………………….8. No. …………………….

9. Seal/stamp:         10. Signature:

…………………….          …………………….

Translation in Bulgarian

Documents with apostille need to be translated in Bulgarian in one of the two ways below:

1/ by a consular or diplomatic official in the country where the document is issued;

2/ by a translation agency authorized by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Bulgaria.

Certification of the translation

The translation of the document shall be certified in Bulgaria.

STATES WITH WICH THE REPUBLIC OF BULGARIA HAS BILATERAL LEGAL AGREEMENTS

For states with which the Republic of Bulgaria has bilateral legal aid agreements with provisions for exempting the documents from legalization with apostille, documents issued by the foreign state must bear the stamp of the respective authorized institution as per the bilateral agreement. The thus issued document is recognized by the Bulgarian institutions and it only needs its Bulgarian translation which shall be certified.

List of the states with which the Republic of Bulgaria has bilateral legal agreements – CHECK HERE.

FOR ALL OTHER STATES

In case the documents have no or cannot have any apostille, in order to trigger actions on the territory of Bulgaria, they need to be certified (legalized) in line with the generally accepted practice:

  • The document is required to be certified by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the state that issues it;
  • The stamp of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the foreign state shall be certified/ legalized by the Bulgarian diplomatic or consular mission in that state.

Source: mfa.bg

Global Consult Europe will advise you on any questions and assist you for the legalization of documents in Bulgaria – just contact us.

Acquiring BG citizenship by investment

 I. Under Art. 12 of Bulgarian Citizenship Act

The physical person :

  1. Must be an adult;
  2. Before no less than 5 years has been given permit for permanent or long-term residence in Bulgaria;
  3. Has not been convicted of a crime by Bulgarian court or is not prosecuted for such a crime, unless rehabilitated;
  4. Has an income or occupation that enables him to live in Bulgaria;
  5. Is skillful at Bulgarian language;

Permit for long-term residence – requirements (LFRB art. 24, para 1, items 19, 20):

  • Visa D;
  • Investment of no less than 600 000 BGN or  investment in economically disadvantaged regions of no less than 250 000 BGN plus opened at least 5 workplaces for Bulgarian citizens;

Permit for permanent residence – requirements (LFRB art. 25, para 1, items 16, 17):

  • Investment of no less than 500 000 BGN plus opened at least 10 workplaces for Bulgarian citizens;

Or

  • Acquired permit for long-term residence and keeping the investment over 5 years;

II. Under Art. 12a of Bulgarian Citizenship Act

Permit for permanent residence – requirements (LFRB art. 25, para 1, items 6, 7, 8, 13):

  • Investment of over 1 million BGN or  increase of the investment with this amount through the acquisition of:
  1. shares in Bulgarian commercial companies, traded on a regulated Bulgarian market;
  2. shares and treasury bonds and derivative instruments issued by the State or by municipalities, with a residual maturity not less than 6 months;
  3. ownership rights over an isolated part of the property of a Bulgarian commercial company with more than 50 percent state or municipal participation in the capital under the Act of Privatization and Post- privatization Control;
  4. shares or stocks owned by the state or municipalities in a Bulgarian commercial company in compliance with the Act of Privatization and Post- privatization Control;
  5. Bulgarian intellectual property – objects of copyright and related to it rights, patent-protected inventions, utility models, trademarks, service marks and industrial design;
  6. rights under concession contracts on the territory of the Republic of Bulgaria;

or

  • Deposit of 1 million BGN in a licensed credit institution in Bulgaria under fiduciary management for a period not less than five years;

or

  • Investment in the capital of Bulgarian company which shares are not traded on a regulated market of no less than 6 million BGN;

or

  • Performing activities and certification under the Investment Promotion Act – implementing and/or maintaining an investment which has received a certificate for class А, class B, or priority investment project;

The physical person :

  1. Must be an adult;
  2. Before no less than 5 years has been given permit for permanent or long-term residence in Bulgaria;
  3. Has not been convicted of a crime by Bulgarian court or is not prosecuted for such a crime, unless rehabilitated;
  4. Has an income or occupation that enables him to live in Bulgaria;

 III. Under Art. 14a of Bulgarian Citizenship Act

The physical person :

  1. Must be an adult;
  2. Has not been convicted of a crime by Bulgarian court or is not prosecuted for such a crime, unless rehabilitated;

A) Before no less than 1 year has been given permit for permanent residence in Bulgaria under LFRB art. 25, para 1, items 6 or 7 and has increased the investment under the same conditions to 2 million BGN or  has invested in the capital of Bulgarian company no less than 1 million BGN for implemented priority investment project;

or

B) Before no less than 1 year has been given permit for permanent residence in Bulgaria for performing activities and certification under the Investment Promotion Act – implementing and/or maintaining an investment which has received a certificate for class А, class B, or priority investment project. During this year the investments performed and put into exploitation are maintained above the minimum score for certificate for class А;

Permit for permanent residence – requirements (LFRB art. 25, para 1, items 6, 7):

  • Investment of over 1 million BGN or  increase of the investment with this amount through the acquisition of:
  1. a) shares in Bulgarian commercial companies, traded on a regulated Bulgarian market;
  2. b) shares and treasury bonds and derivative instruments issued by the State or by municipalities, with a residual maturity not less than 6 months;
  3. c) ownership rights over an isolated part of the property of a Bulgarian commercial company with more than 50 percent state or municipal participation in the capital under the Act of Privatization and Post- privatization Control;
  4. d) shares or stocks owned by the state or municipalities in a Bulgarian commercial company in compliance with the Act of Privatization and Post- privatization Control;
  5. e) Bulgarian intellectual property – objects of copyright and related to it rights, patent-protected inventions, utility models, trademarks, service marks and industrial design;
  6. f) rights under concession contracts on the territory of the Republic of Bulgaria;

or

  • Deposit of 1 million BGN in a licensed credit institution in Bulgaria under fiduciary management for a period not less than five years;

If you have any questions regarding the acquiring of Bulgarian citizenship, do not hesitate to contact us.